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Consumerism in the world

Updated: Jan 26

The author Ana Rita Moreira of the article:" Consumerism in the world".

Publication date: 21.11.2023

Consumerism, a global phenomenon, permeates all spheres of our modern society. In this article, we will explore in depth the origins, consequences and efforts to combat consumerism in the contemporary world.

Origins of Consumerism

Excessive consumption, a hallmark of the industrial age, emerged with mass production. In the 20th century, mass advertising amplified the desire to own material goods, turning desires into needs. In addition, cultural influences, especially the American lifestyle, solidified the consumerist mentality.

Consequences of Consumerism

The environmental impact is alarming, with the unbridled exploitation of natural resources and the massive generation of waste. Socially, consumerism accentuates economic inequalities, creating a gap between those who have a lot and those who have little. Psychologically, though, it promotes a throwaway culture, where objects are only valued temporarily, resulting in a superficial society.

consumerism accentuates economic inequalities

Factors that drive consumerism

Advertising and marketing are masters at creating desires, leading people to buy more than they need. Social networks intensify this pressure, displaying a supposedly ideal standard of living. In a market economy, constant production is encouraged to maintain consumption. On the other hand, the throwaway culture perpetuates the need to replace goods quickly.

Combating Consumerism

Anti-consumerism movements, such as minimalism, promote a simpler, more conscious lifestyle. Alternatives such as resource sharing and the circular economy are emerging as sustainable solutions.

Education plays a crucial role, empowering people to make informed choices. In addition, governments are beginning to implement regulations to control waste and promote responsible production.

Case Studies

consumerism is linked to high standards of living

In developed countries, consumerism is linked to high standards of living, but also to a massive ecological footprint. In developing countries, excessive consumption coexists with poverty, creating a cycle of unsustainable dependency.

Teenagers and Seniors

In specific groups, such as adolescents and the elderly, consumerism affects self-esteem and interpersonal relationships. As a result, it generates an incessant search for validation through material goods.

Developed Countries

In developed countries like the United States and Japan, consumerism is deeply ingrained, intertwined with their high standards of living. However, this lifestyle is also associated with a massive ecological footprint, contributing significantly to environmental degradation.

Developing Countries

In contrast, in developing nations such as India and Brazil, excessive consumption coexists with rampant poverty, creating a cycle of unsustainable dependency on limited resources.

These real-world examples underscore the urgent need for a shift towards responsible consumption, not just for the well-being of individuals. Yet they also highlight the sustainability of the planet.

Consumerism in 2023

In summary, consumerism has shaped the face of our world, but not without costs. Raising awareness of its implications is fundamental to promoting meaningful change. By adopting sustainable practices, promoting education and pushing for stricter regulations, we can tackle this global challenge.

Only through collaborative efforts and a change in mentality can we create a more balanced future. This is where responsible consumption prevails over compulsiveness, guaranteeing a habitable planet for generations to come.


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