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Beginner’s Guide: How to Buy Stocks and Cryptocurrencies Step-by-Step.

Publication date: 13.06.2024

 If you're new to the world of cryptocurrencies and stocks, or simply curious about how these markets operate, this article is designed to guide you through the process of buying and selling. Here’s a detailed step-by-step guide to help you begin your adventure in stocks and cryptocurrencies or just peeking into the process.

Step 1: Choosing the Right Platform

Your choice of platform should be influenced by the type of asset you want to invest in—brokerages for stocks and exchanges for cryptocurrencies—due to the differing regulatory and operational environments they operate within. For stock investments, opt for regulated brokerages like Fidelity or Charles Schwab, which offer protections such as SIPC insurance under authorities like the SEC or FCA. For cryptocurrencies investments should be made through specialized exchanges like Coinbase for beginners or Kraken for experienced traders, Gemini excels in security, BitMart is top for altcoins and Cash App is preferred for Bitcoin.  Some platforms may exclusively offer either stock or cryptocurrency services, not both. Ensure the platform you choose aligns with your investment type and complies with necessary legal standards for security and regulation compliance. Nevertheless, some platforms have started to bridge the gap between these two markets and offer both stock trading and cryptocurrency trading. Popular examples include eToro and Robinhood.

 Step 2:  Sign Up and Create an Account

Visit the platform's website or download their app. Look for a “Sign Up” or “Register” button. You will be prompted to provide your email address and create a password. Some platforms may also ask for a username.

Step 3: Complete the Registration

Register by providing your personal details and verifying your identity. The personal information that you have to give depends on the platform but more or less you need to provide some:

  • Personal Information (Legal name, Address, Social Security number, tax ID number, Citizenship information, Military information etc.)

  • Banking Information (Name on the bank account, Account type, Bank name, Routing number, Account number etc.)

 Step 4: Verification Process

During the verification process, investment platforms may conduct additional background checks, such as credit checks or anti-money laundering (AML) screenings. These checks ensure there are no legal or financial impediments to using their services. Once cleared, the platform will set up your account, configuring your investment choices, preferences, and security measures like passwords or two-factor authentication. After everything is approved, you'll receive a confirmation via email or an app notification. You can then log in, fund your account, and start investing.

 Step 5:  Deposit Funds

To fund your investment account, both stock brokerages and cryptocurrency exchanges commonly allow you to connect a bank account or use a credit/debit card, and some crypto platforms also accept PayPal. Be mindful that the specific methods and associated fees can vary significantly, particularly with credit card transactions which may incur higher fees. Additionally, it's important to check for any minimum deposit requirements, as these can differ depending on the platform you choose.

Step 6: Making Your Purchase

When purchasing (or selling) stocks or cryptocurrencies, first determine the amount you wish to buy (or sell) and align your decision with your budget and investment strategy. Select an appropriate order type: market orders for immediate execution at current prices, limit orders to specify a desired price, stop-loss orders to cap potential losses, or stop-limit orders to combine the features of stop and limit orders. Before finalizing, carefully review your order, ensuring the details like quantity, order type, and price are correct and consider any fees that may apply. This thorough check helps align your transaction with your financial goals and risk tolerance

Step 7: Managing and Securing Your Investments

For stocks, regularly check and adjust your portfolio to meet your financial goals as market conditions change. For cryptocurrencies, keep up with market and technology trends because they can be very unpredictable. To keep your digital currencies safe, transfer them from the exchange to a personal wallet, choosing between more secure hardware wallets or more accessible software wallets.


In conclusion, the steps described here show a basic way to start investing in stocks and cryptocurrencies. While each platform might be a bit different, setting up your account is usually simple. In fact, it is designed to be user-friendly. The harder part of investing is not setting up the account but making smart investment choices. Just because it's easy to get started doesn't mean it's easy to succeed. So, be careful. Learning to understand the market and making decisions that help you manage your money wisely are the real challenges.


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