Author: Julian Van duijn
Publication date: 13.10.2023
Sideways markets or sideways drift occur when security prices fluctuate within a relatively stable range. Another characteristic is that they don’t exhibit any clear trend for a period of time.
How to understand a sideways market/ sideways Drift?
Sideways markets consist of relatively horizontal price movements. These occur over a period of time when the forces of supply and demand are nearly equal.
Horizontal trends are to dominate the price movement of a particular asset for an extended period of time before a new up or down trend begins.
Volume is a key trading indicator that tends to remain constant in sideways markets because there is equal volume between bulls and bears. In fact, it moves sharply higher (or lower) in one direction when a breakout (or crash) is expected.
Chart patterns and technical indicators shows where the price may flows and when breakdown or breakout may be likely to occur.
Breakout & breakdown
To know when a breakout or breakdown will occur, you need to look at technical indicators and chart patterns. This way, you get an indication of where the price is going.
What are the types of breakout?
A breakout occurs when price rises above resistance or below support. In particular, breakout price action can be described as a sudden, directional price movement. What's more, it is often accompanied by an increase in volatility and volume.
There are two types of outbreaks:
An upward breakout indicates that the price will start moving higher. This indicates that traders may enter long positions or exit short positions.
Once a resistance level is broken, its effect reverses and turns into a support level when the price corrects or declines.
A breakout to the downside, causes prices to trend downward. This indicates that traders may enter short positions or exit long positions.
Once a support level is broken, its effect reverses and becomes resistance when the price corrects or declines.
High volume breakouts
Breakouts that occur on high volume (compared to normal volume) show greater conviction, meaning the price is more likely to move in that direction.
Low volume breakouts
Breakouts that occur on low volume (compared to normal volume) indicate weaker belief and are more prone to failure. Price is unlikely to move in the direction of a breakout.
What is resistance?
A sideways trend involves horizontal price movement that occurs when supply and demand remain virtually the same.
This usually occurs during a consolidation phase before price continues a previous trend (trend continuation) or reverses into a new trend (trend reversal).
Horizontal trends & range trends
Sideways price trends are also often called "horizontal trends" or "range trends."
These are usually the result of price moving between strong support and resistance levels.